Properties of matter

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Acknowledgements

As from:

United Confederation of Interstellar Planets Science Academy Guide
Stardate 239802.26 Ver1.0
Author: Lieutenant Commander Ma'bor Jetrel
Stardate 239808.03 Ver2.0
Updated and compiled by Ensign Ryukanden Suwada
Stardate 239907.14 Ver3.0
Updated by Henrich VonKraus
Stardate 241309.22, LCARS Version
Formatted by: Arcos


-Dark Matter-

During the late 20th century, evidence indicated that the Milky Way Galaxy mass was considerably more than could be accounted for by observed luminous or interstellar matter.
Dark matter is so-called because it does not actually emit radiation.
It is known as dark matter because it is matter which cannot be detected by simply looking at it.
To detect it, one must use some sophisticated techniques.
However, dark matter is just like any other matter, except that it doesn't radiate.
Dark matter is also called "missing mass."
This is because it is believed that dark matter may be the "missing" mass required to eventually stop our universe from expanding and cause it to contract again to go through another "Big Bang".

-Protomatter-

An early form of matter. It is made up of one Proton and one electron.
Very rare and valuable. Mainly found in nebulas.

-Degenerate Matter-

Degenerate matter exists under temperature and density conditions such that the Pauli exclusion principle prevents the formation of electron shells around the matter's atomic nuclei.
Such degenerate matter is found in white dwarf stars and the cores of some ordinary stars and planets.
Degenerate matter is usually incredibly dense. A single teaspoonful would weigh tons.

-Negative Matter-

First postulated by the 20th-century author E. E. Smith, no reliable observation of negative matter has ever been reported.
Unlike antimatter, negative matter has negative gravitons and repels ordinary matter.
Upon contact, the matters would cancel each other out without release of energy due to the negative gravitons that dispense the equation of energy.

-Antimatter-

Antimatter is similar to ordinary matter except that its atoms are composed of positrons orbiting about anti-proton and anti-neutron nuclei.
Physical properties are indistinguishable from ordinary matter.
When the two types meet, they convert one another into pure energy.
The ability to construct antimatter made interstellar flight possible due to it's expending energy with deuterium.

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