United Federation of Planets
|United Federation of Planets|
Palace of Westminster, London, England, Earth (Sol III)
12 August 2161
Democratic Federal Republic
|Head of State:|
|Head of Government:|
The United Federation of Planets is a federal republic consisting of at least 155 member states - planetary governments, colonies, and outposts - and numerous other protectorates and territories located in the Alpha and the Beta Quadrant. The Federation operates as a representative democracy with a modified presidential system of government, whereby the popularly elected Federation President is head of state and the head of government, while the Vice President of the Federation presiding officer of the unicameral legislature known as the Federation Council. The Federation possesses an independent judiciary.
- See main article: Federation history.
The Federation is the successor to the Coalition of Planets. The founding Member States of United Earth, the Confederacy of Vulcan, the Andorian Empire, the United Planets of Tellar, and Alpha Centauri were subsequently joined by numerous other worlds to form one of the largest states in the galaxy. By 2380, the Federation consisted of 155 Member States.
Alongside periods of peaceful relations and expansion, the Federation was also involved with numerous conflicts, some of the largest and most prolonged being with the Klingons in the 23rd century, and the Borg and the Dominion in the 24th century.
Size and Location
The Federation was located in the Alpha Quadrant of the Milky Way Galaxy. By the early 2370s, the Federation's territory was spread across 8,000 light years, with a membership of over 150 worlds and over 1,000 semi-autonomous colonies. Its major neighboring sovereignties were the Klingon Empire, the Romulan Star Empire, the Cardassian Union, and the Ferengi Alliance. Other neighboring sovereignties were the Tzenkethi, the Tholian Assembly, the Breen Confederacy and the Xindi.
The Federation's government was a democratic federal republic, headquartered on Earth in the city of Paris, France. However, following the events of 2413, during the Siege of Sol - Paris was destroyed.
The Federation government has since moved to London, England. Government offices are located in Whitehall.
- See main article:"' Federation President
The executive branch was responsible for the day-to-day management of the Federation. The democratically-elected Federation President was the head of this branch. The Federation President served as both the head of state and head of government; as chief executive officer of the government, the President determined most of the Federation's foreign policy, managed budgetary concerns, and served as supreme commander of the Federation's military forces. The President's office was located in the Earth city of Paris on the European continent.
However, following the loss of Paris, the Presidential residence was moved to Sandringham House, on the sprawling country estate in Norfolk, England.
- See main article: Federation Council
The Federation Council was the unicameral legislative body of the Federation. Composed of representatives from the various Federation members|member worlds, the Federation Council held the power to create, amend, and ratify Federation law. The Federation Council also held a great deal of influence over the operations of the Federation's military service, Starfleet. It sometimes served as the judging body of specially-convened court martial|courts-martial, and on occasion issued operational orders to Starfleet. The Council also held influence over the making of Federation foreign policy. The Council's meeting chamber was in the Earth city of San Francisco, on the west coast of the North American continent. In more recent times, the council met at the Palias-de-la-Concorde, the seat of Federation power, in Paris. This was lost in 2413.
After the events of the Siege of Sol, the Federation Council was relocated and reconstituted in the Palace of Westminster, the former home of the British Parliament. Heavily remodeled for modern use, Westminster is the seat of the Federation Government.
- See main article: Federation Supreme Court
- For a list of important legal documents: Categories: UFP Legal Documents
The judiciary was the branch of government responsible for resolving legal disputes. It consisted of a hierarchy of courts, with the Federation Supreme Court at its apex. Federation courts sometimes relied on panels of citizens known as juries. The Federation Grand Jury heard testimony as part of criminal investigations, while the Federation Special Jury tried war criminals. Alongside the civilian courts, Starfleet had its own system of court martial|courts martial.
The current home of the Supreme Court of the Federation is London.
Exploration and Defense
- Main article: Starfleet
Starfleet was the deep-space exploratory and defensive service maintained by the United Federation of Planets. Its principal functions were the advancement of Federation knowledge about the galaxy, the advancement of Federation knowledge of science and technology, and the defense of the Federation. In addition, it also played a significant diplomatic role. As per its mandate of deep-space exploration, its personnel were frequently brought into contact with cultures and sentient species whose existences were previously unknown to the Federation. Federation Starfleet officers therefore acted as official representatives of the Federation in these cases. Also, Federation Starfleet vessels were frequently used to ferry ambassadors on diplomatic missions.
The basic unit of currency backed by the Federation is called the Federation credit. This currency is used in both internal and external transactions. Federation worlds who possessed resources unavailable elsewhere were obligated to provide consignments of these resources in times of emergency.
Individual Federation worlds were free to employ their own economic models. Bolias, for example, utilized currency based economics (the Bank of Bolias was a major interstellar financial institution). By the 24th century, economic practices on Earth were able to exclude the need for an established currency.