Judge Advocate General Corps

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Introduction to Judge Advocate General Corps

Throughout Starfleet's history, a single legal organization has prevailed, pursuing and achieving justice in military courts of law. This organization is the Judge Advocate General's, or JAG, Corps. Based out of Starfleet's JAG offices on Earth, the fleet's JAGs are responsible for the investigation, prosecution, and defense of the men and women enlisted in Starfleet. In addition, Starfleet Judge Advocates assist in the development and ratification of treaties and act as legal advisors to members of the UCIP admiralty. The JAG Office is the most powerful and influential, and as such, is considered to be the pinacle within Starfleet. Its officers are of the highest calibre, upholding the principles of both Starfleet and the United Confederation of Interstellar Planets.   Each holding a legal degree, Starfleet Judge Advocates uphold and protect the rights of Starfleet personnel and the virtues of the Federation and Starfleet Charters. Newly commissioned judge advocates receive immediate responsibility in handling significant legal issues. They encounter a diversified, challenging and rewarding law practice stationed throughout the Federation.

Starfleet and Judge Advocate's Mission

Starfleet's mission is to:

A. Provide a visible, credible, and realistic capability to support the Federation's political initiatives.

B. Deter war against the Federation.

C. Win and terminate a conflict on terms favorable to the Federation if war should occur.

D. Research and exploration of space.

The Judge Advocate General Corps primary mission in a theater of operations is to support the commander of his assigned unit by providing professional legal services as far forward as possible at all echelons of command throughout the operational continuum.

Legal Services

Starfleet Judge Advocates provide legal services in the form of professional advice, representation, support, research, training, and assistance designed to resolve legal issues to commanders, staffs, and other authorized personnel. The JAG commander determines legal requirements based on the mission and the law. Two types of legal services exist: judicial, and defense.

A. Judicial

Judicial legal services secure fair and impartial justice proceedings within Starfleet. The JAG Commander presides over general and special courts-martial and all hearings. They perform all judicial duties required or authorized by law. Starfleet Judge Advocates also perform magistrate duties, such as issuing authorizations to search for and seize evidence based on probable cause (Search Warrant). Generally, JAG officers will be responsible for the investigation and prosecution of the case they are assigned to.

B. Defensive

Defense legal services are provided to individual personnel to secure fair and impartial justice and adverse administrative proceedings within Starfleet. Judge Advocates provide defense legal services to those officers which have charges laid against them. They represent personnel before courts -martial, administrative boards, and other proceedings and act as consulting counsel as required by law or regulation or authorized by The JAG Commander.

Starfleet General Orders

The General Orders of Starfleet are the basic rules that the organisation operates to. The most important regulation for Starfleet, the Prime Directive, is General Order 1.

General Orders

General Order 1

As the right of each sentient species to live in accordance with its normal cultural evolution is considered sacred, no Starfleet personnel may interfere with the normal and healthy development of alien life and culture. Such interference includes introducing superior knowledge, strength, or technology to a world whose society is incapable of handling such advantages wisely. Starfleet personnel may not violate this Prime Directive, even to save their lives and/or their ship, unless they are acting to right an earlier violation or an accidental contamination of said culture. This directive takes precedence over any and all other considerations, and carries with it the highest moral obligation.

General Order 2

No Starfleet personnel shall unnecessarily use force, either collectively or individually, against members of the United Federation of Planets, their duly authorized representatives, spokespersons, or designated leaders, or members of any sentient non-member race, for any reason whatsoever.

General Order 3

The sovereignty of each Federation member being respected in all things, Starfleet personnel shall observe any and all statutes, laws, ordinances, and rules of governance currently in effect within the jurisdiction of a member planet. Violators of such ordinances will be subject to such punishments or corrections as shall be determined by local governmental bodies.

General Order 4

If contact is made with hitherto undiscovered intelligent life-forms, under no circumstance shall Starfleet personnel, either by word or deed, inform said life-forms that worlds other than their own or intelligent life-forms other than their own exist outside the confines of their own space.

General Order 5

In cases of extreme emergency, Federation special representatives are empowered to assume emergency powers to deal with a condition or circumstance that is deemed hazardous to the welfare of Federation citizenry. Within the scope of these emergency powers, duly authorized civilian personnel may assume temporary command of Starfleet vessels and/or personnel to deal with the emergency. Starfleet personnel must submit to their authority for the duration of the crisis.

General Order 6

The request for emergency assistance from Federation citizenry demands unconditional priority from Starfleet personnel. Such personnel shall immediately respond to said request, postponing all other activities.

General Order 7

No Starfleet vessel shall visit the planet Talos IV under any circumstances, emergency or otherwise. This order supersedes General Order 6. Any transgression of this general order shall be punishable by death.

General Order 8

Upon sighting a warship within Federation space and identifying it as belonging to a foreign power, the commander of the Starfleet vessel shall determine the reason(s) for that craft's presence in the vicinity. If there is conclusive evidence that the vessel has hostile intentions, the Federation vessel may take appropriate action to safeguard the lives and property of Federation members. In such cases, the commander may use his discretion in deciding whether to use force to disable the hostile vessel. However, care should be taken to avoid unnecessary loss of sentient life.

General Order 9

No commander of a Starfleet vessel, military or auxiliary, may grant political asylum to any individual without first being given express permission to do so by a representative of the Federation government.

General Order 10

If there exists eyewitness testimony by senior officers or similar verifiable evidence that an individual has violated the Prime Directive, said individual may be relieved of duty by a duly sworn representative of the Federation government and placed under immediate arrest. The governmental representative shall then take such action as he deems necessary to minimize the results of the violation.

General Order 11

Starfleet officers with the rank of captain or higher are granted full authority to negotiate conditions of agreement and/or treaties with legal representatives of non-Federation planets. In such circumstances, the acting officer carries de facto powers of a Federation Special Ambassador. Any and all agreements arranged in this manner are subject to approval by the Chief of Starfleet Operations and the Secretary of Starfleet.

General Order 12

Federation officers may violate Neutral Zone areas as designated by treaty only if such action is required to save the lives of Federation citizens under conditions of extreme emergency.

General Order 13

Except when orders state to the contrary, Starfleet personnel will respect the territorial integrity of independent planetary systems and governments, and will not violate territorial space belonging to such worlds.

General Order 14

Starfleet personnel may intervene in local planetary affairs to restore general order and to secure the lives and property of Federation citizens only upon receiving a direct order to do so from a civilian official with the title of governor or higher.

General Order 15

No officer of flag rank shall travel into a potentially hazardous area without suitable armed escort.

General Order 16

Starfleet personnel may extend technological, medical, or other scientific assistance to a member of a previously unrecognized sentient species only if such assistance in no way compromises the Prime Directive or the security of the Federation or Starfleet.

General Order 17

Starfleet vessel captains are to consider the lives of their crew members as sacred. In any potentially hostile situation, the captain will place the lives of his crew above the fate of his ship.

General Order 18

"Upon being accused of treason against the Federation, Starfleet personnel may demand a trail conducted by the Federation judiciary". If the individual is acquitted, Starfleet Command shall have no further legal recourse against the accused in said matter.

General Order 19

Except in times of declared emergency, Starfleet personnel may under no circumstances convey personnel or material between planets or planetary systems when there is reason to believe that said personnel or material may be used to conduct aggression. This order applies to independent worlds within the Federation as well as to Federation members.

General Order 20

Officers and personnel of Starfleet Command may employ whatever means necessary to prevent the possession, transportation, sale, or commercial exchange of sentient beings held against their wishes within the boundaries of Federation space.

General Order 21

No Starfleet personnel, either officer or enlisted, may offer his services to an independent foreign government without the express authorization of the Federation Assembly.

General Order 22

As the rights of individual expression and free discourse are considered sacred, Starfleet personnel may debate the policies and decisions of their governmental representatives privately at any time, to the extent that such discussions do not violate their command oath or specific duties to the Federation per these General Orders or Starfleet regulations.

General Order 23

When verifiable proof is presented to the senior commanding officer of a Starfleet vessel or post that a Federation representative may currently be acting or have acted in the past to violate the Prime Directive, the officer may relieve said representative of office, then assume the full powers of that office pending a full investigation by governmental officials.

General Order 24

If a commanding officer deems that an individual or group of individuals pose a threat to Starfleet personnel or Federation civilians, he may take any action deemed necessary (including force) to secure the safety of those threatened.

General Order 25

Civilian and military personnel taken into custody by Starfleet personnel during times of extreme emergency shall be accorded proper treatment consistent with their rank or station, insofar as such treatment does not compromise the security of the Federation or Starfleet.

Starfleet Directives

Directive 010

Before engaging alien species in battle, any and all attempts to make first contact and achieve nonmilitary resolution must be made.

Directive 101

Any individual accused of murder does not have to answer any questions.

Tactical Directive 36

The captain will not engage a hostile force without the protection of a security officer.

Omega Directive

The Omega Directive (denoted by Ω) was a highly classified Starfleet general order requiring the captain of a starship to notify Starfleet Command immediately upon detection of an Omega molecule.

The directive also authorized the use of any and all means to destroy an Omega molecule. This made the Omega Directive the only known order to supersede the Prime Directive. The Omega Directive was deemed necessary because of the extreme power and the threat to interstellar civilization posed by even a single molecule. Knowledge of the Omega molecule and the Omega Directive was restricted to Starfleet officers ranking captain or higher.

Temporal Prime Directive

The Temporal Prime Directive was a fundamental Starfleet principle.

All Starfleet personnel are strictly forbidden from directly interfering with historical events and are required to maintain the timeline and prevent history from being altered. It also restricts people from telling too much about the future, so as not to cause paradoxes or alter the timeline.

The Temporal Prime Directive is directly related to the Prime Directive.

Telepathic Moral Laws

1st Moral Law

An officer will not invade the mind of another without permission or very good defendable cause (defined later).

2nd Moral Law

A Counselor can use his/her abilities in a therapy setting only if the patient is willing and has submitted themselves to a full evaluation or treatment.

3rd Moral Law

An officer or Counselor may use their abilities in a first contact setting in a empathic manner only, no unauthorized entry of the mind will be allowed unless...

  • 1- The group in question is obviously hostile ,
  • 2- Communication is impossible and the group in question may get hostile
  • 3- The other group is telepathic and that is the only means of communication
  • 4- the other group makes initial telepathic contact.

4th Moral Law

Full telepathic abilities may be used in combat only if the other has signified the intent of no mercy or the combatants only communicate by telepathy.

5th Moral Law

Under no circumstances whatsoever should 'mind blasting' be used unless the ultimate security of the Federation is at stake or the Prime Directive is threatened an NO other course is available.

6th Moral Law

Only general empathy may be used in Interrogations, no exceptions excluding the direct orders of the top command of Starfleet.

7th Moral Law

An officer may use telepathy or mind-meld if it is absolutely necessary to sustain the life of an un-responsive individual. A Doctor or other qualified person MUST be present.

8th Moral Law

Telepathy may only be used in negotiating only if all sides are informed and agree, or the negotiations can turn hostile with relative ease and one or more sides absolutely cannot be trusted.

9th Moral law

No officer may be forced into using their abilities if they do not wish to (including mind melds).


OOC Information

Current Trek Operations Judge Advocate General Director:
Commodore Richter Valarig

Content taken from the UCIP Library Project.